Free Legal Definitions

law dictionaryFact Question. Issues in a trial or listening to concerning facts and how they occurred, as opposed to questions of law. Fact questions are for the jury to determine, until the issues are presented in a non-jury or bench trial, by which case the choose would decide reality questions. Questions of regulation are decided by a choose.

The get together who complains or sues; one who applies to the courtroom for authorized redress. Also referred to as the plaintiff. Cause of Action. Fact or facts that give someone the proper to hunt a remedy by way of the courtroom as a result of the facts of the case apply to a certain law sought to be enforced.

When They Start Throwing Black’s Law Dictionary at You””Duck!

The money a person spends running a court docket case. If the individual has a lawyer, the prices will include the lawyer’s charges. A courtroom order for one get together to pay a number of the other party’s legal prices during the case somewhat than at the finish. To give a doc to the registrar, assessor, magistrate or decide in court docket.

A deposition is a part of pretrial discovery. The testament is recorded by the courtroom reporter, who will put together a transcript that can be used for pretrial preparation or in trial to contradict or refresh the reminiscence of the witness, or be learn into the record if the witness just isn’t available.

A court determination in an earlier case with details and authorized points similar to a dispute at present before a court docket. Judges will generally “follow precedent” – that means that they use the rules established in earlier circumstances to determine new instances which have related facts and lift comparable legal issues. A decide will disregard precedent if a celebration can present that the sooner case was wrongly determined, or that it differed in some vital method from the present case. A debt that cannot be eliminated in chapter. Examples embrace a home mortgage, money owed for alimony or youngster help, sure taxes, money owed for many authorities funded or guaranteed academic loans or benefit overpayments, money owed arising from demise or private harm brought on by driving while intoxicated or beneath the influence of medicine, and money owed for restitution or a criminal nice included in a sentence on the debtor’s conviction of against the law.

Generally, a courtroom action introduced by one person, the plaintiff, in opposition to one other, the defendant , seeking compensation for some damage or enforcement of a proper. Lawsuit or Suit. Generally, a court motion brought by one particular person, the plaintiff, in opposition to another, the defendant , looking for compensation for some injury or enforcement of a proper. In Supreme Court or the Court of Appeal, a grasp or decide’s order that the dropping get together in a lawsuit pay the legal bills (which may embrace court fees, disbursements, and authorized charges) of the profitable celebration.

The judge might independently decide to dismiss or may do so in response to a motion by the defendant. Also, the plaintiff could voluntarily dismiss an motion earlier than or throughout trial if the case is settled, if it is not provable, or if trial strategy dictates getting rid of a weak declare. A defendant may be dismissed from a lawsuit, meaning the go well with is dropped in opposition to that party. 2) To discharge or let an employee go. In felony law, the constitutional guarantee that a defendant will obtain a fair and impartial trial.

Usually the loan is used to develop the property and build upon it, and then there’s a division of income upon sale—if there is a revenue. The authorized dictionary additionally incorporates The People’s Law Dictionary, by renowned authorities Gerald and Kathleen Hill. It includes definitions, context, and usage for more than three,000 phrases.

Compare with shifting party. Non-Jury Trial or Bench Trial. Trial before a decide and and not using a jury. In a bench trial, the choose decides questions of law and questions of truth.